Middle East, North Africa and Greater Arabia

  •   Afghanistan
    Country: Afghanistan
    Capital: Kabul
    Ethnic Groups: Abida, Acelmese, Afghan, Afshar, Aguacadibe, Ahiariut, Airitumiut, Amyu, Anakaza, Bashkarik, Durrani, Hazara, Ishkashimi, Jamshidi, Kochi (Kuchi), Kom (Afghanistan), Kowli Gypsy, Moghol, Nuristani, Pashayi, Pashtun, Northern, Qalandar, Sau, Shumashti, Taimani, Taimuri, Wakhi
    Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari, Pashto
    Population: 30,419,928
  •   Algeria
    Country: Algeria
    Capital: Algiers
    Ethnic Groups: Algerian, Arab-Berber, Bedouin, Chaamba, Chaoui, Chenoua, Kabyle, Maghrebi, Mozabite, Ouarsenis, Oulad Djerir, Shawiya, Turk people in Algeria
    Languages: Arab
    Population: 35,406,303
  •   Azerbaijan
    Country: Azerbaijan
    Capital: Baku
    Ethnic Groups: Armenian people in Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani, Budukh, Ingiloy, Iranian Azerbaijani, Jek (Dzhek), Jew, Mountain, Khinalugh, Kryts, Qarapapaq, Qizilbash, Russian people in Azerbaijan, Shahdagh, Talysh, Tat, Tsakhur, Turk people in Azerbaijan, Udi
    Languages: Azerbaijani
    Population: 9,493,600
  •   Bahrain
    Country: Bahrain
    Capital: Manama
    Ethnic Groups: Bahrani, Duwasir, Filipino people in Bahrain, Iranian Bahraini (Ajam of Bahrain)
    Languages: Bahraini Arabic
    Population: 1,248,348
  •   Egypt
    Country: Egypt
    Capital: Cairo
    Ethnic Groups: Ababda, Copt, Egyptian, Hutaim, Italian Egyptian, Jew, Egyptian, Muzeina, Sa’idi, Siwi, Tiyaha, Turk people in Egypt
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 83,688,164
  •   Iran
    Country: Iran
    Capital: Tehran
    Ethnic Groups: Achomi (Lari), Bakhtiari, Basseri, Circassian people in Iran, Ghorbati, Gilaki, Iranian, Iranian Arab, Iranian Assyrian, Iranian Georgian, Jew, Persian, Karadaghi, Khamseh Arab, Korean people in Iran, Kuhgalu, Kurd people in Iran, Lak (Iran), Lur, Mamassani, Mazanderani, Nafar, Persian, Qajar, Qashqai, Shahsevan, Zargari, Zoroastrian
    Languages: Farsi/ Persian, Kurdish
    Population: 78,868,711
  •   Iraq
    Country: Iraq
    Capital: Baghdad
    Ethnic Groups: Afro-Iraqi, Bani Khalid, Bidoon, Chaldean, Iraqi, Iraqi Turkmen, Jew, Iraqi, Jew, Kurdish, Sian, Yazidi
    Languages: Arabic, Kurdish
    Population: 31,129,225
  •   Israel
    Country: Israel
    Capital: Jerusalem
    Ethnic Groups: African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem, Assyrian people in Israel, Israeli, Negev Bedouin, Samaritan
    Languages: Hebrew, Arabic, English
    Population: 7,590,758
  •   Jordan
    Country: Jordan
    Capital: Amman
    Ethnic Groups: Assyrian people in Jordan, Beni Sahkr Bedu, Dom, Haweitat, Sleb, Syrian people in Jordan
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 6,508,887
  •   Kuwait
    Country: Kuwait
    Capital: Kuwait City
    Ethnic Groups: Ajam of Kuwait, Indian people in Kuwait, Syrian people in Kuwait
    Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Farsi
    Population: 2,646,314
  •   Lebanon
    Country: Lebanon
    Capital: Beirut
    Ethnic Groups: Jew, Lebanese, Lebanese, Maronite, Turk people in Lebanon
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 4,140,289
  •   Libya
    Country: Libya
    Capital: Tripoli
    Ethnic Groups: Abaydat, Fezzan Bedouin, Italian Libyan, Jew, Libyan, Megarha
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 6,733,620
  •   Morocco
    Country: Morocco
    Capital: Rabat
    Ethnic Groups: Ait Atta, Berber, Berber Jew, Ghomara, Jebala, Moroccan, Regeibat, Riffian, Sahrawi, Sanhaja, Shilha, Tekna
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 32,309,239
  •   Oman
    Country: Oman
    Capital: Muscat
    Ethnic Groups: Harasis, Omani
    Languages: Arabic, Baluchi, English
    Population: 32,309,239
  •   Pakistan
    Country: Pakistan
    Capital: Islamabad
    Ethnic Groups: Aimaq, Arab people in Pakistan, Baloch (Baluch), Balti, Bangash, Brahui, Burusho, Dard, Dehwar, Hindkowan, Indian people in Pakistan, Jadgal, Kalash, Kho, Kohistani, Muslim Halwai, Pakistani, Pashtun, Punjabi, Punjabi Pathan, Sayyid, Sheikh (Shaikh), Shina, Sindhi, Yusufzai
    Languages: Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi
    Population: 190,291,129
  •   Qatar
    Country: Qatar
    Capital: Doha
    Ethnic Groups:
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 1,951,591
  •   Saudi Arabia
    Country: Saudi Arabia
    Capital: Riyadh
    Ethnic Groups: Bani Shehr, Banu Thaqif, Banu Yam, Filipino people in Saudi Arabia, Howeitat (Haweitat), Indian people in Saudi Arabia, Otaibah, Rashaida, Shararat, Syrian people in Saudi Arabia
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 26,534,504
  •   Syria
    Country: Syria
    Capital: Damascus
    Ethnic Groups: Anizah, Assyrian, Assyrian people in Syria, Druze, Jew, Syrian, Nestorian, Syrian, Syrian Turk, Yazidi people in Syria
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 22,530,746
  •   Tunisia
    Country: Tunisia
    Capital: Tunis
    Ethnic Groups: Adyghe, Turk people in Tunisia
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 10,732,900
  •   United Arab Emirates
    Country: United Arab Emirates
    Capital: Abu Dhabi
    Ethnic Groups: Filipino people in the United Arab Emirates, Indian people in the United Arab Emirates
    Languages: Arabic, English
    Population: 5,314,317
  •   Yemen
    Country: Yemen
    Capital: Sana'a
    Ethnic Groups: Al-Akhdam, Hadhrami, Hashid, Jew, Yemenite, Madh’hij, Mehri, Qahtanite, Quda’a, Soqotri, Yemeni, Zaraniq
    Languages: Arabic
    Population: 24,771,809